For smokers who can’t quit, are ‘reduced risk’ cigarettes the future?

Have you ever tried giving up smoking? I’ve dedicated almost as much time to giving up smoking as I have spent actually smoking. I’ve tried nicorette patches and chewing gum; I have attempted the lozenges, defied hypnosis, and inhaled countless vaporised e-cigarettes. Still I remain addicted. And so, when I heard about a new technology that seemed to replicate the experience of smoking an actual cigarette without most of the harmful effects, I was eager to try it. I agreed to one week of replacing cigarettes with something called ‘heat-not-burn’, ever hopeful that this time I’d stub out my habit once and for all.

It is unlike any other tobacco replacement product I have hitherto tried — conceptually, scientifically and practically. Essentially, heat-not-burn is the lovechild of the conventional cigarette and the vaporiser. It is tobacco-based, yet it operates with an electric charger. While not yet available in Britain (update: now it is), it is currently sold in Japan, Switzerland and Milan. The kit I try is from Philip Morris, though other tobacco manufacturers make them too.

I am provided with the following: a portable charging box, an electric charger for said box, an electric wand the size of an index finger and a packet of heat sticks (mini-cigarettes) about two inches long. The mini-cigarettes contain tobacco and glycerin, but significantly less of the other nasty components of your everyday fag.

When struck by the desperate and persisting desire to smoke, you simply remove the electric wand from its box, insert branded mini-cigarette and click a button to ‘cook’ or ‘heat’ the tobacco stick. You can then smoke as you would an ordinary cigarette, supposedly for six minutes or 14 puffs.

In my trial, I was initially impressed and perplexed. Using heat-not-burn is as close to a replication of smoking a cigarette as you can get: you inhale tobacco, you exhale vapour. The electric sticks are heavier than the real deal, but this is a minor point when one considers the reduced damage to the lungs, heart, blood vessels, circulation etc. How could it be that this object, so strikingly similar to the cigarette, is not causing equal damage?

It is all about combustion. Your average cigarette is burnt at temperatures between 800 and 900 degrees Celsius (1472 and 1652 Fahrenheit). These high temperatures cause the breakdown of tobacco and the production of harmful chemicals. With heat-not-burn, the tobacco stick is cooked at temperatures between 50 and 250 degrees Celsius (122 and 482 Fahrenheit) — but it doesn’t burn, and therefore the number of toxic chemicals released from the tobacco is greatly reduced. Research has shown that the levels of chemicals in heat-not-burns are 90 per cent lower than those in their traditional counterpart.

A packet of the IQOS heat sticks sold in Japan (Photo: Philip Morris)

A packet of the IQOS heat sticks sold in Japan (Photo: Philip Morris)

The manufacturers say it is potentially a ‘reduced risk’ product rather than ‘no risk’, and that it is still in development. In Italy, the device costs 70 euros and each pack of 20 heat sticks is five euros.

As well as being better for you, the heat-not-burn stick is less smelly than a conventional cigarette and, better yet, produces no ash. But there are also some unwanted differences between the heat-not-burn experience and the real McCoy. First, the taste — described by a friend as ‘old teabags’. Heat-not-burn also cannot deliver exactly the same hit. It offers a consistent but pleasant trickling of calm, but it doesn’t quite compare to the curious ecstasy occasioned by a lungful of real, harmful smoke.

Does it replace the traditional cigarette? Almost, but unfortunately not entirely. Still, it’s not bad — and, once it is being sold in the UK, I’ve no doubt I’ll be queuing at the counter, anxious to get my hands (and my lungs) on some.

  • Exiliado en jap@n

    for wthat is worth, I am living in Japan and tried it.. they are not good at all.
    I used to work for PMI and I know all the efforts and money the company spends in R&D for RRP, so it seems that this IQOS as a result is kind of sad.

    So, people out there try not to get too much expectation on this one.

    • Alan Beard

      10 months on, is that still the perception?

      • Exiliado en jap@n

        Hello Alan.
        To be honest, IQOS was quite successful in Japan. You can see that 10-15% of the people walking into a smoking room are using it.
        My self got used to it and used it for around 6 months, but then the stick battery died, and a new one costs 100 usd… so for the time being I am not using it.

        • Alan Beard

          Thanks for the interesting reply Exiliado I was unaware how expensive they are at 100 usd ~ £70-75 I fear will not be esp popular. Also today strangely the goVype Pebble surfaced @ a far more reasonable ~£18,whether good bad/indifferent no clue. The technology is maybe not as sophisticated but smokers looking to switch will probably initially look for the cheapest option,
          Just for the record I am a Vaper who has used them for 4 years and have seen an extraordinary evolution over that period, and am perfectly happy with my current Vaping equipment…….but am curious to test one of these(just in case 🙂 )

    • Larry Iwaki

      I’m using it now with the blue Marlboro branded Heatsticks and really love it. It delivers nicotine and tobacco alkaloids which seem to provide a calming feeling almost as well as a combustible cigarette. I also now like the taste. It sort of reminds me of roasted barley mixed with tobacco.

  • Fred

    Bought IQOS and had a period of adaptation of some 2 weeks, i only “smoke” IQOS cigarettes now, the blue marlboro, used to smoke Marlboro Light but feel that IQOS is far better for myself, I can feed my addiction for nicotine and avoid the nasty headaches i used to have after smoking a pack a day, i even smoke less.. no more than 10 cigarettes a day now, half pack, so if you can’t or don’t want to quit, try it, anything that is less dangerous to your health i think.. is welcome.

  • 1MegaBeast2

    I only smoke IQOS now. It does take some getting used to but I have no desire to smoke or vape now. Hopefully the reduced risk claims are true.

  • sanagi

    I just joined the IQOS alliance. 🙂
    I have been smoking since 13, and I am now 32.
    Cannot be sure, but I haven’t been smoking normal cigaret for 1 week now.
    Let’s see how it goes.
    ( I smoke a pack a day previously, for IQOS, I smoke around 10 per day.)

  • matan efrati

    Hello there, anyone.
    I have a question regarding to a physical issue that bothering me and I thinking that it’s related to my IQOS use.
    I’m using iqos in the past 6 months after a 15 years of 20’s a day smoking habit .
    It took me awhile to get used to the new taste, but when I had used I was love it, i even think it’s more addictive then cigarettes, when I was unable to using iqos (got broken,etc…) I was not able to get the same reward from cigarettes. Anyway, in the last month I was notice that I feeling pain in the laryngs area while speaking too loud, also some uncomfortable feeling during speech, like sore thought feeling, also sensitivity to dry air
    Have anyone of you have / had similar issue? Or know about any risk /side effects like i having now?? I never felt this before, the main issue that I had with cigarettes was lungs cough that disapper after i change to iqos .
    Thanks for anyone, please reply

  • David Brown

    I tried IQOS a year ago – the stupidiest thing ever existed between smoking and vaping. I stringly recommend vaping vape juices, not tobacco! – if you need more info