Plant-based meals ‘improve insulin levels in people with type 2 diabetes’

A plant-based diet improves the secretion of insulin and incretin hormones in those with type 2 diabetes, according to new research published in Nutrients.

Researchers compared the effects of a plant-based meal to a meal containing meat on the hormone levels of a group of 20 men who have type 2 diabetes in a randomised crossover trial. The meals consisted of either a tofu-based veggie burger or a meat-based burger and contained the same amount of calories and ratio of macronutrients.

The results show that participants’ postprandial secretion of insulin increased more after the plant-based meal than the meat-based meal. Secretion of incretin hormones, particularly glucagon-like-peptide 1 (GLP-1), also increased more after the vegan meal. Incretin hormones amplify the release of insulin after a meal and also help decrease blood glucose levels.

Beta-cell function parameters also improved after the vegan meal. Beta cells synthesise, store, and release insulin. Beta-cell function is typically diminished in those who have diabetes, and preserving beta cells’ capacity to produce insulin is a cornerstone in the treatment of diabetes.

The study’s lead author, Hana Kahleova, said: ‘With diabetes rates rising and insulin costs soaring, this study offers hope that a solution could be close at hand: the food on our plates. The results add to the evidence that a plant-based diet should be considered a frontline treatment for type 2 diabetes.’

previous study found that a 16-week plant-based dietary intervention improves insulin resistance and beta-cell function in overweight adults. Other studies have shown that plant-based diets are effective in managing and even reversing type 2 diabetes and that those following a plant-based diet have approximately half the risk of developing diabetes, compared with non-vegetarians.

  • Leah

    Good plant. I found out I had type 2. I had no idea what to do or how I was going to eat. I did know that I was very motivated not to take medication. Then I read a diabetes story (google ” How Ella freed diabetes ” ) Eight weeks later I have lost 35 pounds and am not taking any medication and have a blood glucose reading that averages 105. The first few days saw an immediate change. I went from a blood glucose reading of 314 to 143 in three days. I immediately started shedding weight without exercise.

  • Jaclyn

    Sorry, but how will a plant based diet be better for diabetics if the main macronutrient for all plant foods is carbohydrates. carbs = sugar, more sugar = higher blood sugars. This is just me using common sense. I’m not an expert but I do question this study. :/ And this article says insulin secretion was greater after the vegan meal, no? How is that beneficial? Isn’t that worse? Some one let me know.